What Your Child Learns in Key Stage 2 Maths

April 10, 2022 The Spark Tutoring Team

Key Stage 2 isn’t very different from Key Stage one. It’s still a formative stage, and the student will continue with the 11 core subjects they started in Key Stage 1: maths, science, English, ICT history, geography, design and technology, art and design, PE, music and RE. IN KS2, the student will also get a chance to learn a foreign language and develop personal and social skills like nutrition and cooking.

Maths will still receive a lot of attention at this level, and your child’s mathematical skills will improve. The stage focuses on improving confidence and accuracy while using the number systems, among other mathematical skills they have learned up to this point. Some of the areas that teachers will focus on during this stage include;

  • Number – Number and place value
  • Number – addition and subtraction
  • Number – multiplication, and division
  • Number – fractions
  • Measurements
  • Geometry – Properties of shapes
  • Geometry – position and direction (from Year 4)
  • Statistics

As pupils get to Year 6, their maths skills have improved dramatically. They have a better understanding of the maths concepts and are more confident working on various problems. That is why the curriculum adds two topics in Year 6, which are;

  • Ratio and proportion
  • Year 6 Algebra

LKS2 Year 3 Maths Curriculum

The first year of Lower Key Stage 2 in Year 3. Pupils will continue to build on their acquired knowledge from KS2. Some of the topics children will learn about in Year 3 include number and place value.

Students will build on their number sense and learn to recognise the place value of each digit in a three-digit number.

By the end of Year 3, students should know how to count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100. Students can also compare and order numbers up to 1000. It’s a step-up from KS1, where they could only work with numbers up to 100.

Pupils will also learn to find and write fractions, know unit and non-unit fractions, and add and subtract fractions with the same denominator.

Other topics students will learn in KS2 maths include;

  • Measurement (comparing, adding and subtracting different lengths, mass, volume, or capacity)
  • Geometry (drawing 2D shapes, recognising and describing 3D shapes, identifying right angles, horizontal and vertical lines.
  • Statistics

LKS2 Year 4 Maths Curriculum

After Year 3, students will meet even higher standards in Year 4. Most of the topics are the same, but the concepts are more complex.

Number – number and place value

Students in Year 4 will learn to count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000. They can also order and compare numbers beyond 1000 and round numbers to the nearest 10, 100, or 1000.

Number – Addition and subtraction

Using the columnar addition and subtraction methods, students can add up to 4 digits. In Year 4, the students should also be able to check answers to different calculations by estimating and using inverse operations.

Number – multiplication, and division

Pupils master times tables up to 12×12, and can multiply and divide numbers using place value facts, including dividing numbers by 1, multiplying by 0 and 1, and multiplying t3 numbers.

Students also learn how to use written layout to multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by one-digit numbers

Other maths topics covered in Year 4 include;

  • Measurement
  • Geometry – properties of shape
  • Geometry – position and direction
  • Statistics

UKS2 Year 5 Maths Curriculum

In the Upper Key Stage, students will notice more challenges as they learn new written methods for completing operations and new maths concepts. Some of the topics students will cover in Year 5 include;

  • Number – number and place value
  • Number – addition and subtraction
  • Number – multiplication, and division
  • Number – fractions
  • Measurement
  • Geometry – properties of shape
  • Geometry – position and direction

In each topic, teachers will incorporate something new. The problems will be harder to solve in most cases, and there will be new concepts.

UKS2 Year 6 Maths Curriculum

Year 5 is the final year of KS2. It’s slightly different and includes two new areas of study. These areas include;

Ratio and proportion

This is a new topic, but I will mainly use the knowledge of fractions and multiples to solve problems that include unequal sharing and grouping.

Students will also solve calculations and percentage problems on this topic. Students will also learn how to come up with a solution to problems that have relative sizes of two quantities and if the missing value can be found using integer multiplication and division facts.


Students also get to learn about algebra for the first time. They will learn to express the missing number problems algebraically and describe linear number sequences and how to generate them along with some simple formulae.

Besides these two topics, students will also extend their knowledge in the other maths topics that they have been covering from Year 4.